Hey there guys! Kennie here and today I am going to talk about the Martial Art, Hapkido.
Hapkido is a Korean martial art that focuses mainly on self defense and deflecting opponents attacks. It uses a series of kicks, joint locks and throws to deflect attacks of your opponent and make them unable to cause any harm. Even though it is mainly used for deflecting attacks it can be used as a powerful offense against your opponent as well.
Hapkido uses a “hard-soft” scale with soft techniques similar to Jujutsu and Akido, along with “hard” techniques similar to that of Taekwondo and Tang Soo Do. Depending on what school you go to the technique you are taught may very, but there are three techniques which all schools must teach: Harmony, the Circle principle, and the Water principle.
The Harmony principle (hwa) is a nonresistance principle where you remain relaxed and don’t directly oppose an opponents strength. You would instead use your opponents strength against them. For example, if your opponent were to push you, rather than resisting the attack you would follow the push and use your opponents momentum to throw them instead.
The Circular Principle (won) is a technique used to gain greater momentum to use against your opponent. If your opponent attacks you with a linear motion, such as a punch, you would be able to redirect their attack in a circular motion. You would look at the person attacking you more as an “energy entity” than a physical entity. The bigger the person is the better it is for you.
The last principle, the Water Principle (yu), is completely overtaking your opponents defenses. Water overtime, can cut into rock and create deep canyons and cave systems. You should learn to “flow like water” and be able to find and penetrate all your opponents defenses.
Hapkido is used to redirect an opponents attacks and use their strength against them, if you remember the three principles of Hapkido and if used correctly can be a powerful defense.
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